Ceramic Monster Mugs

This lesson is a long lesson, it is built as a UNIT plan because I needed to break it up into several days for work. It is meant as a opening ceramics lesson for my seniors in Fundamentals of Art. FYI-they have not had art since middle school.

Students will know that:

  • Clay is a malleable substance that is formable into any form.
  • Bisqueware turns white after being fired
  • Glazeware is a finished product that has been fired for a second time.
  • they created a monster cup using the pinch and slab methods

Artistic Language:

  • Leather-hard–stiff and will hold its shape; join to other pieces; carve into; recycle
  • Kiln-Large oven used to cook clay.
  • Greenware–also known as BONE DRY; can be carved into; very fragile; can recycle
  • Slip and Score-Scratching the surface of the clay; hatching the clay, before slipping, used to join two leatherhard pieces of clay.
  • Bisqueware–fired once in kiln; can not be recycled; ready to be glazed
  • Wedging-Folding and working the clay to remove air bubbles and unify the moisture level of the clay. Like kneading dough for bread.
  • Glazeware–has glaze applied, second fire
  • Fire – Heating pottery or clay sculpture to a temperature high enough to render it hard and durable.
  • Slab Method-Handbuilding technique that begins with large, flat pieces of clay, which are joined when leatherhard.
  • Coil Method-Handbuilding technique that begins with long, thin rolls of clay, which are stack on top of each other and blended.
  • Pinching Method-You create a ball, than keep pinching the clay to the correct desired shape

Tasks/Materials:

Materials: table covers, fettling knife, needle tool, metal ribs, clay, water, bucket, needle tools, sponges, plastic bags, ware cart, various glazes, kiln, jars of water.

Technology:

Resources Needed: Projector, Internet or Flash Drive of Prezi downloaded onto flash drive.

Unit Assessments: the ceramic mug

Lesson 1: Lecture/Sketches (1 day)

National Core Standards:  1.1.5.D.2

After a brief PREZI lecture on the project.  Students will be explained all details about the lesson and will start sketching design concepts for their cups. They will be designing three different monsters before deciding which one to choose.

​​​​​​​Objectives: Students will know the steps needed to create a cup.

Tasks: (Q:B)  Have the students sketch three different monsters in their sketchbooks.

  • Frankenstein Step guide 1-13 Worksheet
  • Frankenstein but with no body, head to toes only, change up the mouth, nose, eyes
  • Students create their own imaginary monster with the following requirements:
    • Face: Eyes, Mouth (Nose optional).
    • Expressions: Happy, Sad, Angry, Grinning
    • Legs/Feet
    • Texture/Optional Items

This is to be done in the Sketchbook, but not uploaded to Google Classroom. We are going to be creating monster cups, various examples are shown in the PREZI. Anime is allowed, but you must turn it into a cup version.

Students must also think if the cup is going to be functional or just a sculptural piece. If it is functional you must figure out for what-write it next to the sketchbook drawing. Label the Foot, Lip, Body and any Handles.

Materials: Sketchbook, Pencils

Assessments: Sketchbook assignment will be graded as a check (done/not done)

Assignments: Sketchbook Assignment, Ceramic Monster Mugs

Technology:

Resources Needed: Projector, Internet or Flash Drive of Prezi downloaded onto flash drive.

Lesson 2: Slab Practice (2 days)

National Core Standards:  1.1.5.D.2

The students will be given a class period to construct a cup using the slab method. This lesson students will use the slab method, and the slip and score method in order to create their cups. The mug should be between 4”-6”, with a 1/4” thickness.

Objective: Students will create a cup using the slab building method.

Tasks/Materials: (Q: D, B)

Demonstration: I normally have them do this step by step with me.

  • Students wedge 3 lbs of clay.
  • Cut wedge clay in 4ths.
  • Take one of the 4ths and pat it into a ball.
  • Place two pieces of wood about a foot apart.
  • Start to level it out using the rolling pin, like you’re making bread. Try to get your piece at least 10 inches long and at least 4 inches tall.
  • Cut out a straight piece of clay 4×10 inches using the ruler.
  • Take a piece of the slab and cut out a bottom or foot using the template or a round object as a template
  • Join the 10×4 piece together to form the walls of the cup using the slip and score method. Trim additional clay.
  • Join the wall of the cup with the foot.
  • Use water to smooth cracks while building
  • Smash the clay and re-create two more times till perfected.
  • Place in a plastic bag tightly covered to prevent from cracking and drying.

Materials: table covers, fettling knife, needle tool, metal ribs, clay, water, bucket, needle tools, sponges, plastic bags, ware cart, various glazes, kiln, jars of water.

Assessments: Students will be assessed on their progress of their monster cups.

Technology:

Resources Needed: Projector, Internet or Flash Drive of Prezi downloaded onto flash drive.

Lesson 3: Facial Features (2 days)

National Core Standards:  1.3.5.D.1

The students will be given a class period to learn how to produce the facial features; eyes, nose, mouths using the pinch method. Students will recall how to wedge the clay once again, and how to begin to form a pinch pot to use as the eyes. Students will make the facial features they desire several times in order to get the hang of working with clay and the pinching method.

Objective: Student will design the facial features on their cups using the pinch method.

Tasks/Materials: (Q:D, A)

Demonstration: Two demonstrations for the eyes and three for the mouths. “Bug out eyes” or “inset eyes”. Bug out eyes, are eyes that rest on top of the body. Inset eyes are pressed in. I show them how the eyes create a lot of emotion demoing happy and angry eyes. Mouths: Closed, grinning and gaping mouths. The closes are simple smiles or “kissy lips”. Grinning is a 😀 smile. and the gaping mouth are mouths you cut out with gaps in between the teeth.

  • Students wedge 3 lbs of clay.
  • Cut wedge clay in 4ths.
  • Take one of the 4ths and pat it into a ball.
  • Press thumb into ball to open. Press more than half way.
  • Pressing thumb and fingers on clay, press the bottom side and turn.
  • Once bottom is pressed evenly, move to the middle section and repeat.
  • Once middle section is pressed evenly move to the rim/lip of pinch pot. Do not press thin.
  • Cracking will occur while pinching, have cups of water at tables to smooth cracks away.
  • Have the students create more than one eye before attaching it with the slip and score method.
  • Have the students create more than one mouth before attaching it with the slip and score method.
  • Pinch pots tend to harbor air pockets easily, stress that air must not be in clay as it will blow up.

Materials: table covers, fettling knife, needle tool, metal ribs, clay, water, bucket, needle tools, sponges, plastic bags, ware cart, various glazes, kiln, jars of water.

Technology:

Resources Needed: Projector, Internet or Flash Drive of Prezi downloaded onto flash drive.

Assessments: Students will be assessed on their progress of their monster cups.

Lesson 4: Legs/Accessories (2 days)

National Core Standards:  1.3.5.D.1

This lesson I will demonstrate how to add a variety of things that the students can add to their monsters.

Objective: Student will design the legs/accessories on their cups using the pinch method.

Tasks/Materials: (Q: B)

Demonstration: The demonstration will consist of horns, bows, hats, noses, arms and other requests. The legs will be demonstrated as inset legs or free standing legs used as the foot. They are coils with “stubs” that the students put on the end like an L. The students also have the option of tentacles in which they make a circle base and build coils off of the base/body.

Materials: table covers, fettling knife, needle tool, metal ribs, clay, water, bucket, needle tools, sponges, plastic bags, ware cart, various glazes, kiln, jars of water.

Technology:

Resources Needed: Projector, Internet or Flash Drive of Prezi downloaded onto flash drive.

Assessments: Students will be assessed on their progress of their monster cups.

Lesson 5: Texture (1 day)

National Core Standards:  1.3.5.D.1

The texture will hide the imperfections of handling the clay. Students will develop their hand building skills in order to smooth the clay,  and then how to add texture to cover the whole body. The texture can be as simple as using the needle tool and poking the monster for the texture. Or they may use stamps.

Objective: Student will create texture for their monster cups using various clay tools and stamps.

Tasks/Materials: (Q: D)

Demonstration: Students will be shown how to add texture to their monsters using stamps or various clay tools.

Materials: table covers, fettling knife, needle tool, metal ribs, clay, water, bucket, needle tools, sponges, plastic bags, ware cart, various glazes, kiln, jars of water, stamps.

Technology:

Resources Needed: Projector, Internet or Flash Drive of Prezi downloaded onto flash drive.

Assessments: Students will be assessed on their progress of their monster cups.

Lesson 6: Glazing (3 days)

National Core Standards:  1.3.12.D.1

After the pieces have been kiln fired once students will be given their pieces back again in order to begin glazing them. Glazing techniques will be shown. Students will prepare their cups by coating them with two coats of glaze, and cleaning off the bottom of the foot in order to have the ready to be fired for the last time.

Objective: Student will combine different glazes to create the design of their choice for their monster cups.

Tasks/Materials: (Q: B, D)

Demonstration: A quick demonstration will be shown on how to coat their piece, and how to make sure the foot is clean from glaze.

Materials: table covers, fettling knife, needle tool, metal ribs, clay, water, bucket, needle tools, sponges, plastic bags, ware cart, various glazes, kiln, jars of water, stamps.

Technology:

Resources Needed: Projector, Internet or Flash Drive of Prezi downloaded onto flash drive.

Assessment: A small assessment (non-graded) will be used to see if the students have glazed their pieces properly.

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